One of the most widely recognized nursing theories is Madeleine Leininger transcultural nursing theory. The researcher, who coined the idea, is believed to be the draftswoman of nursing cultural theory. Since she began her writings in the 1960’s, Madeleine has become one of the influential researchers in the field of transcultural nursing. The theory attempts to provide culturally compatible nursing care, while using acts that are supportive and facilitative. Moreover, it suggests tailor-made decisions that fit within institutional, group or individuals’ lifeways, cultural values and beliefs. The main purpose of Leininger’s care is to have beneficial institutional results and also present positive health outcomes to people with similar or different cultural backgrounds (Leininger, 2008). In order to understand the theory, a critique of its ideologies and concepts is important.